Democratic Alliance (South Africa)

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Scorpions bill marks dark day in SA history". Archived from the original on 10 March In addition, the party announced its support for a prison labour programme, which would put prisoners to work in various community upliftment programmes. Archived from the original on 23 August Archived from the original on 14 January

The Democratic Alliance (DA) is a South African political party and the official opposition to the governing African National Congress (ANC). The present leader is Mmusi Maimane, who succeeded former Mayor of Cape Town and Premier of the Western Cape Helen Zille on 10 May Ideology: Liberalism.
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The party is broadly centrist , and has been attributed both centre-left [1] and centre-right [2] policies. The DA traces its roots to the founding of the anti-apartheid Progressive Party in , with many mergers and name changes between that time and the present. The party adopted its current name on 24 June The DA has been governing the Western Cape , one of South Africa's nine provinces, since the general election , having won a bigger majority at the most recent election in It is the only party to have increased its share of the vote in every national election held since The DA governs several major metropolitan municipalities in South Africa, either through outright majorities or coalitions with other opposition parties.

Although the Democratic Alliance in its present form is fairly new, its roots can be traced far back in South African political history, through a complex sequence of splits and mergers.

The modern day DA is in large part a product of the white parliamentary opposition to the ruling National Party. The origin of the party can be traced to the mid s when some younger members of the United Party felt that they were not providing strong enough opposition to the National Party and its policy of Apartheid, causing them to break away and form the Progressive Party in In the s, as it rose to become the official opposition, the party would absorb more splinters from the now disintegrating United Party and become known first as the Progressive Reform Party and then as the Progressive Federal Party.

The Progressives sought to change the system from within, but in doing so choose to comply with Apartheid legislation outlawing multi-racial membership. In , it would merge with two smaller reformist organisations to become the Democratic Party , a name that was retained into the s when freedom was achieved.

It was marginalized by the National Party's shift towards the center after , and faired relatively poorly in the first democratic election in , won by the African National Congress. The DP would establish itself as a more effective party of opposition, [4] however, and eventually rose from relative obscurity and ascended to the status of official opposition in under the leadership of Tony Leon , mainly by taking votes from the New National Party , the renamed version of the NP.

The party also became kingmakers in the Western Cape province, where it formed a coalition government with the NNP. With a fractured national opposition standing against an increasingly dominant governing party, there was a perceived need to better challenge the ANC. Together they formed the Democratic Alliance. Many former NNP members remained, however, and the new name was kept. The DP was disbanded after the floor crossing period, establishing the DA at all levels of government.

The party consolidated its status as the official opposition in the general election, while the NNP collapsed. In the municipal elections, the DA narrowly gained control of its largest city, Cape Town, in a multi-party coalition.

In , she re-launched the party as one that no longer acts solely as an opposition but also as an alternative choice for government. The party also introduced a new logo and a new slogan.

In her newsletter, she wrote that "winning power in the Western Cape will allow us to show what co-operative governance between local authorities and a province can achieve". In , the DA launched the "Know Your DA" campaign, in an attempt to try to show that the DA via its proxy predecessor organisations was involved in the struggle against apartheid.

In the municipal elections of , the DA made significant gains along with other opposition parties in some of the country's most important metropolitan areas. The DA currently governs Johannesburg South Africa's largest city , [14] Tshwane including Pretoria, the administrative capital , [15] Cape Town South Africa's second-largest city and legislative capital and various other municipalities.

The DA's historical roots are broadly liberal-democratic. During the s, the party remained associated with liberal values, though party leader Tony Leon 's support for the reintroduction of the death penalty , the party's controversial campaign slogan "Fight Back", and the short-lived alliance with the right-wing New National Party fuelled criticisms of the party from the left.

We believe the state has a crucial role to play in socio-economic development. We are not free market fundamentalists. By the same token we do not believe that a state, with limited capacity, should over-reach itself. This is 60, more than the government's own target.

In addition, the party announced its support for a prison labour programme, which would put prisoners to work in various community upliftment programmes. The proposal was criticised by labour unions, who believed it was unethical and would result in labour job losses.

The party later released documentation of the unit's poor disciplinary record, and claimed its divisional commander had himself dodged serious criminal charges.

The DA strongly opposed the disbandment of the Scorpions crime investigation unit, [32] and similar efforts to centralise the police service such as the nationwide disbandment of specialised Family Violence, Child Protection and Sexual Offences FCS units. Central to the DA's social development policy, "Breaking the Cycle of Poverty", [34] is a Basic Income Grant, which would provide a monthly transfer of R to all adults earning less than R46, per year.

The party also supports legislation that would require the legal guardians of children living in poverty to ensure that their child attends 85 percent of school classes, and undergoes routine health check-ups.

In addition, to aid with youth development skills, the party proposed a R opportunity voucher or twelve month community service programme to all high school matriculants. The party also supports a universal old age pension, and the abolishment of pension means tests. The DA's education programme, "Preparing for Success", [35] focuses on providing adequate physical and human resources to underperforming schools.

The DA supports guaranteed access to a core minimum of resources for each school, proper state school nutrition schemes for grade 1—12 learners, and measures to train 30, additional teachers per year.

The DA continues to support the introduction of new performance targets for teachers and schools, and also advocates a per-child wage subsidy, and a national network of community-based early childhood education centres.

Included in these plans is an increase in the number of clinics offering HIV testing and measures to provide all HIV-positive women with Nevirapine. The party's health policy also plans to devote more resources to vaccinations against common childhood illnesses. The party also advocates creating a transparent and competitive health sector, to boost service delivery and encourage health care practitioners to remain in the country. The DA's economic policy aims to create a society in which all South Africans enjoy both the fundamental freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution, and the opportunities to take advantage of those freedoms.

Opportunity is the vehicle with which people are empowered to live their lives, pursue their dreams and develop their full potential. The DA therefore advocates a mixed-economy approach, where the state is involved in the economy only to the extent that it can expand opportunity and choice. The manifesto includes various proposals detailing how a DA government would manage the economy and facilitate growth.

The majority of the interventions suggested by the party are aimed at creating an atmosphere conducive to job creation and greater foreign direct investment. The DA has suggested measures to make South Africa's labour market more amenable to job creation.

These interventions include a wage subsidy programme to reduce the cost of hiring first-time workers. The DA has committed itself to a counter-cyclical fiscal policy approach.

This is evident in the party's previous alternative budget frameworks, with both alternative budgets posting deficits. The party defended this stance by arguing that increased spending was necessary to help the economy out of recession.

It has also repeatedly reaffirmed its support and commitment for reserve bank instrument independence. The party states that this would help South Africa to boost its domestic savings rate to enable the country to invest in projects that will provide additional job opportunities. The party has rejected the ANC's approach to Black Economic Empowerment , with former party leader Helen Zille arguing that the current policies have only served to enrich a small elite of politically connected businessmen.

The party proposed an alternative it calls broad-based economic empowerment, which would provide for targeted interventions focusing on skills training and socio-economic investment instead of ownership targets. The party believes that this approach will give a broader group of black South Africans an opportunity to compete and partake in the economy.

The party advocates an active industrial policy that allows the Industrial Development Corporation IDC to co-ordinate industrial policy. Additionally it would also set up a sovereign venture capital fund to help support innovation in key industries.

The party suggests that by relaxing certain regulations in these zones, manufacturers and exporters would be able to grow faster and employ more people. This fits into the party's broader vision of growing the economy by cutting red tape and regulations it claims is holding back South Africa's economic growth. The DA is resolutely against land expropriation without compensation [43].

The DA says that changing the Constitution will open the floodgates and undermine property rights, allowing government to own all land and forcing all South Africans to be only permanent tenants of the land.

The party says that it is committed to ensuring that those entitled to land receive it in the form of direct ownership, and not as lifelong tenants. The DA's "Land of Opportunity" [44] programme supports the "willing buyer, willing seller" principle, though it also allows for expropriation for reform purposes in certain limited circumstances. The party has been critical of the resources that government has allocated to land reform, claiming that government has not been sufficiently active in buying up land that comes onto the market.

Though the DA believes this could speed up the pace of land reform, their policies have been vocally criticised by members of the Tripartite Alliance. In the build up to the elections, the DA announced it would create a new Ministry of Energy and Climate Change, to ensure improved integrated energy planning in order to deal with South Africa's growing carbon dioxide emissions. The DA believe voting rights should be extended to include all South African citizens who are living and working abroad, many of whom intend returning.

These charts show the electoral performance for the Democratic Alliance, and its predecessor the Democratic Party, since the advent of democracy in The deputy federal leader is Safiyia Stanfley.

According to the DAWN constitution: Each province has a provincial DAWN chairperson. The provincial chairpersons are as follows: Participants of the programme are highly motivated individuals, interested in pursuing a career in politics, with a track record of leadership excellence. Over the course of one year, participants of the programme are equipped with an in-depth political knowledge, critical thinking and communication skills and the opportunity to grow their leadership capacity, self-awareness and emotional maturity.

Leaders of the DA, as well as DA members [60] [61] [62] have been accused of making racially insensitive comments, and this has led to disciplinary action. MP Dianne Kohler Barnard was briefly expelled from the party because of statements she made on her Facebook page apparently praising P.

Maimane spelled out [ clarification needed ] a charter on racism that all new DA members will have to commit to when they join the party. He also announced that the DA would introduce equity targets when the DA selects candidates for public office in order to make the party more diverse and reflective of the country as a whole.

In March , Helen Zille, still Premier of the Western Cape, issued a number of tweets suggesting that colonialism was not entirely negative, and faced a disciplinary hearing for publicly opposing DA principles; deliberately acting in a way that impacted negatively on the DA; and bringing the DA into disrepute.

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Federal Leader of the Democratic Alliance | Parliamentary Leader of the Democratic Alliance. Mmusi grew up in Soweto outside Johannesburg and lived there most of his life. Through sacrifice, hard work, and a desire to use every opportunity afforded to him, he has been building an impressive career in business and has dedicated himself to. The Democratic Alliance (DA) is a South African political party and the official opposition to the governing African National Congress (ANC). The present leader is Mmusi Maimane, who succeeded former Mayor of Cape Town and Premier of the Western Cape Helen Zille on 10 May Ideology: Liberalism. of results for "da block party" Click Try in your search results to watch thousands of movies and TV shows at no additional cost with an Amazon Prime membership. Da Block Party CC. Prime Video. $ Watch with a Prime membership. $ - $ $ 1 $ 7 99 Rent or Buy.