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Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Area 7, square miles 20, square km. Poland , country of central Europe. Poland is located at a geographic crossroads that links the forested lands of northwestern Europe to the sea lanes of the Atlantic Ocean and the fertile plains of the Eurasian frontier. Now bounded by seven nations, Poland has waxed and waned over the centuries, buffeted….
Gediminas , grand duke of Lithuania, the strongest contemporary ruler of eastern Europe. Grand duchy of Lithuania , state, incorporating Lithuania proper, Belarus, and western Ukraine, which became one of the most influential powers in eastern Europe 14th—16th century.
Pressed by the crusading Teutonic and Livonian Knights, the Lithuanian tribes united under Mindaugas d. Aleksandra Aleksandrovna Ekster, Russian artist of international stature who divided her life between Kiev, St.
Petersburg, Moscow, Vienna, and Paris, thus strengthening the cultural ties between Russia and Europe. In this way and through her own artistic achievement, she did much to further the…. Help us improve this article! Contact our editors with your feedback. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. Rezerwat przyrody Las Zwierzyniecki , which is contained within the city limits, is a fragment, Rezerwat Przyrody Antoniuk is a The Dojlidy Ponds recreation area includes a public beach, walking trails, birdwatching and fishing.
The city has a mild-summer continental or hemiboreal climate Dfb according to the Köppen climate classification system, characterized by warm temperatures during summer and long and frosty winters. Dojlidy Górne, Kolonia Halickie, and Zagórki. Romana Dmowskiego the corner of Krakowska Street. In , the metropolitan area population was , inhabitants.
Miasto na prawach powiatu. Rada Miasta , which has 28 members. Other levels of governmental representation It is also the seat of government for the Podlaskie Voivodeship. The 18th Reconnaissance Regiment Polish: The heritage of the unit was the former 18th Territorial Defense Battalion Polish: The Podlaska Cavalry Brigade Polish: The tradition continued with many garment factories established in the twentieth century, such as Fasty in the district of Bacieczki.
However, after the fall of communism in many of these factories faced severe problems and subsequently closed down. The city has a number of nearby border crossings. The leading industries in the city's economy are: Bialostocki Teatr Lalek , established in , is one of the oldest Polish puppet theaters. The repertoire includes performances for both children and puppet adaptations of world literature for adults. In its amphitheatre every year in the end of June Halfway Festival takes place.
The Ludwik Zamenhof Centre Polish: It was developed on the site of an earlier building in the first half of the eighteenth century by Jan Klemens Branicki , a wealthy Polish—Lithuanian Commonwealth hetman , into a residence suitable for a man whose ambition was to be elected king of Poland.
Planty is a The various historically driven changes have had a very significant influence on the architectural space of the city. Numerous historic works of architecture no longer exist, while many others have been rebuilt to their original configuration. The city has both professional and amateur sports teams, and a number of venues where they are based.
There is also a cable television system available within the city. There is an Islamic Centre  a House of Prayer, and various organisations. Orthodox Church of the Holy Spirit. The city is, and has been for centuries, the main hub of transportation for the Podlaskie Voivodeship and the entire northeastern section of Poland. It is also a main gateway of trade with Belarus due to its proximity to the border and its current and longstanding relationship with Hrodno , Belarus. Railways Passenger trains connect from Suvalki , Hrodno and Lithuania to Warsaw and the rest of the European passenger network.
Passenger services are provided by two rail service providers, PKP Intercity that provides intercity passengers trains express, intercity, eurocity, hotel and TLK  and Przewozy Regionalne that operates only regional passenger trains financed by the voivodeship. Passenger trains are mostly run using electrical multiple units on electrified lines or rail buses.
Buses There is an extensive bus network that covers the entire city by three bus services, but no tram or subway exists. Roads and highways The National Roads Polish: Higher education in the city can be traced back to the second half of the eighteenth century, when the ownership of the city was inherited by Field Crown Hetman Jan Klemens Branicki.
Since the fall of communism many privately funded institutions of higher educations have been founded and their number is still increasing. This environment was created in the mid eighteenth century by the patronage of Jan Klemens Branicki for the arts and sciences.
Zamenhof , the creator of Esperanto,  Albert Sabin , co-developer of the polio vaccine ,  Izabella Scorupco , actress,  Max Weber , painter.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Place in Podlaskie, Poland. Retrieved 14 July Archived from the original on October 26, Archived from the original on Wojewódzka Biblioteka Publiczna im.
Hetmani Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodów in Polish. Rozbiory Polski in Polish. The Price of Freedom: Poles, Jews, and the politics of nationality. Univ of Wisconsin Press. War Land on the Eastern Front: Archived from the original on 19 July Stalin, Ribbentrop" in Polish.
Biuletyn IPN in Polish. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Archived from the original on 5 August Archived from the original on 26 April Trudny "powrót do macierzy" in Polish. Central Statistical Office, Warsaw. Archived from the original PDF on Geografia regionalna Polski in Polish.
Rezerwat — park Zwierzyniecki" in Polish.
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